Citizenship for National Defense
The consideration that all citizens have the right to security and the duty to create social and public conditions of citizenship and security, as well as the defense of the Country through its incorporation into the Armed Forces is the fundamental right and duty of all people, constitutionally provided for.
This fact encourages us to approach and analyze the phenomena of violence and conflict, in order to promote training actions in the areas of national defense, security, civic behavior and the prevention of violence and risks. Such a purpose requires an understanding of these phenomena in order to provide, at the level of training, the development of risk prevention, response, and safety and citizenship skills in different contexts.
With the objective of promoting personal and collective formation in terms of values, knowledge, skills and competences for civic action in Higher Education Institutions, the project is based on ethical and legal principles of the rule of law, values democratic and citizenship, human rights, multiculturalism, aiming at understanding the phenomena of violence and security issues, in order to consider modalities to promote security and confidence and to be able to respond adequately to situations of external aggression, social and moral violence and conflict.
It is proposed to approach and deal with issues and problems related to aggression against sovereignty, violence, conflicts and security, in view of an advanced formation for citizenship and civic practices that passes through the debate and transmission of knowledge in these specific areas.
Project Guiding Principles
The guiding principles governing this project are based on the consideration of interpersonal and social values, with particular attention to the autonomy and security of the individual, justice, responsibility and citizenship, in short, human rights and social peace. It is the purpose of training and guidance that promotes the development of individual, interpersonal and social competences of active citizenship, but also the attention to consider the variety of perspectives of analysis of the mentioned phenomena, given the scope, complexity and even transversality of themes and issues.
In accordance with the purpose and principles set forth, the following guidelines are proposed:
– To approach in a logic of multidisciplinarity and transversality of the knowledge, questions that require the contributions
Modern developed societies have been structured around the trinomial State of Law, Civil Society and Public Space of citizenship, training for security and civic conduct focuses primarily on the context of democratic public space, sphere of exercise of rights.
Nevertheless, the area of debate and intervention falls within the scope of public and private rights within the framework of the fundamental law of each country.
With variations between the different States, the distinction between the Public and Private domains and the attribution of exclusive powers to the State, namely the duty to defend national sovereignty and protection and security of citizens. Citizens, for their part, have the right to legitimize government through their vote and democratic participation, as well as to their eligibility, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrines the rights to the dignity of the human person as the foundation of freedom, justice and of peace in the world, and proclaimed as essential the rights to education, security, health and justice, considering as fundamental the development of friendly relations between the nations and the fulfillment of the rights and freedoms of the man.
It is therefore within the scope of this legal ethical framework that the Citizenship of Defense and Security project is concerned with the prospect and planning of advanced training for citizenship, citizenship, values and universal rights.
As mechanisms that develop accountability and public awareness of rights and responsibilities are understood by individuals and social groups, the existence of common interests and aspirations and the feeling that through solidarity action can become more effective individual action and collective action.
With regard to collective action, it will be noted that social groups (family, professional, religious, political, community, leisure, ethnic, regional, etc.) are dynamic and that their norms and values differ frequently, and may even be conflictual under the same sociocultural and historicity horizon.
To the extent that social and collective groups themselves modify their structures, they redefine values, interests and aspirations, in line with social and historical-cultural logics, distinguishing themselves from each other by different interests, ties of sociability and affinities, dynamics their own socio-cultural, dynamics of cohesion, integration and identity-building.